February 26, 2016 — The Public Health EMS Medical Advisory Council has provided this update in regards to three infectious diseases: Zika, Ebola and Influenza.
- Is a flavivirus related to West Nile and Dengue Fever that has recently been found to be endemic to the Caribbean and South America. It is not endemic to the Cincinnati region.
- Concern: It may cause congenital microcephaly in the fetus and may cause Guillain Barre Syndrome.
- It is primarily transmitted by a mosquito strain not endemic to Cincinnati.
- Transmission can occur through sexual contact with an infected male.
- The risk to the general public is near zero unless traveling to an endemic area.
- Case fatality for this rare disease is extremely low.
- Symptoms: Fever, joint aches and red eyes and rash that may be itchy
- More info: CDC.gov/zika
- Hemorrhagic virus seen in a West African epidemic in 2015 has cooled off.
- There are currently no active cases of Ebola in West Africa.
- There is currently no border screening at the US borders for this disease.
- There is screening in the West African countries for travelers leaving the area.
- No travelers in the Cincinnati region are being monitored for symptoms.
- More info: CDC.gov/ebola
- This has been a low and late flu season this year.
- The risk is still there, so vaccination is still recommended.
- H1N1 influenza has played a more predominant role than anticipated this year.
- H1N1 strain is contained in the vaccine. So get vaccinated if you have not been.
- Hospitalizations for flu are much lower than last year.
- No prophylactic antibiotics or antivirals are required. Get vaccinated.
- More info: CDC.gov/flu